Assault Rifle History

M4 History:

FAMAS History:

The FAMAS F1 assault rifle with a bipod.

The FAMAS is a French bullpup assault rifle used by their military since 1978. It was used in wars such as the Lebanon War and the Gulf War. It was designed by Paul Tellie. FAMAS stands for “Fusil d’Assaut de la Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-Étienne”, which when translated (roughly) means “Assault rifle of the Saint-Étienne weapon factory”.

The FAMAS project started in 1967 and the first prototype was finished in 1971. When it was finished, the FAMAS F1 replaced the MAS 49, MAS 56, and MAT-49. The first model was the FAMAS F1. After the FAMAS F1, the FAMAS G1 was made with some minor adjustments, and following that, the G2, which was made in 1994 with larger improvements from the FAMAS G1.

The FAMAS F1 and G1 used different ammunition than the G2. The F1 and G1 were designed to use French-made 25-round magazines with 5.56 x 45mm cartridges. Because of the the 1/12 rifling of the F1 barrel and its blowback action, ammo must be a steel-case, French-made SS109 cartridge because using standard brass-case 5.56 x 45mm NATO will cause overpressure and may cause malfunction. When the G2 came out, the problem was fixed because it uses a 1/9 rifling, which enables it to use the SS109 or the M193 without problems.

The FAMAS’s fire mode is controlled by a selector within the trigger guard with 3 modes : safe (middle), semi-automatic (right), and automatic (left). Automatic fire can be in three-shot bursts (rafale) or fully-automatic. This is chosen by another selector under the housing and behind the magazine.

SCAR History:

SCAR-L (top) and SCAR-H (bottom).

The FN SCAR, which stands for Special [Forces] Combat Assault Rifle,  was made by FN Herstal for the U.S. Special Operations Command. This rifle family has two main types: the SCAR-L and the SCAR-H. The SCAR-L (light; Mk 16 Mod 0) uses 5.56 x 45mm NATO cartridge and the SCAR-H (heavy; Mk 17 Mod 0) uses a 7.62 x 51mm NATO cartridge, which is similar to the AK-47 ammunition cartridge. You can tell the difference between a SCAR-L and a SCAR-H by looking at the barrel length. The SCAR-L has a shorter barrel (351mm for a standard SCAR-L) and the SCAR-H’s is longer (400mm for a standard SCAR-H). There are also short-barrel and long-barrel versions of each SCAR. As far as magazines go, the SCAR-L uses an improved M16 magazine, while the SCAR-H uses a new 20-round magazine.

In April 2009, the first SCARs began being issued to operational units. A battalion of the United States 75th Ranger Regiment was the first large unit to be deployed with these rifles. The SCAR-L will be replacing the M4A1, and the SCAR-H will be replacing the M14 and Mk 11 sniper rifles. The Enhanced Grenade Launcher Module (EGLM), a.k.a. FN40GL, which is a 40mm Grenade Launcher, is marketed for both the SCAR-H and the SCAR-L.

TAR-21 History:

FAL History:

M16 History:

ACR History:

F2000 History:

AK-47 History:

Type 56 Chinese AK-47 copy (top) and AKS-47 (bottom)

The AK-47 is a 7.62mm assault rifle first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. AK-47 stands for Kalashnikov automatic rifle, model of 1947, which in Russian is Автомат Калашникова 47. The AK’s design work began in 1944. Surprisingly, the AK-47 wasn’t the first model. In 1946, a model (AK-46) was presented for official military trials, and a year later, a fixed stock version was introduced. An early development of the design was the AKS-47 (S for Skladnoy or “folding”), which had an under-folding metal shoulder stock. In 1949, the AK-47 was officially accepted by the Soviet Armed Forces.

The standard AK-47 fires the 7.62 x 39mm cartridge with a muzzle velocity of 2,300 ft per second. It has an effective range of about 1,300 ft. The AK-47 has a variety of wounding effects depending on the death it yaws. Without yaw, it can go through lung tissue with little injury. On a direct hit to the skull, hydrostatic shock could cause the head to explode! Needless to say, the AK-47 packs more of a punch while it’s bullets are yawing.

The AK has many models, as you’ve probably figured out already. The prototype, the AK-46; the AKS-47 with a folding stock, the RPK, the AK-47 with longer barrel and bipod; the AKM (M for Модернизированный or modernized), a lighter and more simplified AK; AKMS, a folding stock version of the AKM. Then there is the AK-74 series featuring 5.45 x 39mm cartridges. Along with that there is the AK-101 series, the AK-103, AK-104, the AK-107, and AK-108. It also has a semi-automatic version for civilians. So many different countries have made their own variants of the AK (including the Type 56 model pictured above) that there are too many to list.

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Comments
  1. cdr0221 says:

    Yo ive never seen a Famas wit a stand and its actually bigger in real life den it is in Mw2. Yo da AK 47 has crazy power and u can always tell if its an AK bcuz da way the front luks. By the way Powerflare, ur doing a great job.

  2. Powerflare says:

    Thanks dude! That stand is called a “bipod” and I think you can put them on and take them off. Stationary snipers use them for stabilization on a table or something. That is the F1 model, however, and I think MW2 uses the G2 model because it has a 30 round magazine.

    • Corn Chipper says:

      Great Work! I’m filming the glitch in Hidden tomorrow with ZDomination. CDR next time you comment, log into your account….

      • Powerflare says:

        This is completely offtopic but I just had a sick Domination on Quarry using the ACR, and I had on UAV, Predator Missile, and Stealth Bomber. I forgot to use the UAV before I got my Stealth Bomber (I was saving it for the Stealth Bomber). Still got a double kill. Think I had a 15+ Kill Streak and most of the kills were from me. 1 Predator + 2 Stealth Bomber kills, and the rest were mine!

  3. Powerflare says:

    The FAMAS in Black Ops is going to be automatic! Sweet! 😀

  4. Reppe289 says:

    woot, thank you! I’ve finally came across a website where the owner knows what they’re talking about. You know how many results are in Google when I check.. too many! It’s so annoying having to go from page after page after page, wasting my day away with tons of owners just copying eachother’s articles… ugh. Anyway, thankyou for the information anyway, much appreciated.

  5. Luken says:

    Thanks a million for this, I appreciate the info

  6. Powerflare says:

    Thanks for all the kind words, guys!

  7. Leikir says:

    interesting but very great infos thanks for share with us =)

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